Ontolex-lemon ist eine Ontologie, um lexikalische Daten in RDF zu publizieren.
Wir verwenden hier die Konzepte aus OntoLex, um den in der Terminologie gut bekannten Unterschied zwischen Benennung und Term genauer zu konzeptualisieren.
Philipp Cimiano, John P. McCrae, Paul Buitelaar: Lexicon Model for Ontologies: Community Report, 10 May 2016 https://www.w3.org/2016/05/ontolex/
Lexical Entry: A lexical entry represents a unit of analysis of the lexicon that consists of a set of forms that are grammatically related and a set of base meanings that are associated with all of these forms. Thus, a lexical entry is a word, multiword expression or affix with a single part-of-speech, morphological pattern, etymology and set of senses. […] Lexical entries are further specialized into words, affixes (e.g., suffix, prefix, infix or circumfix) and multiword expressions. https://www.w3.org/2016/05/ontolex/#lexical-entries
Lexical Sense: A lexical sense represents the lexical meaning of a lexical entry when interpreted as referring to the corresponding ontology element. A lexical sense thus represents a reification of a pair of a uniquely determined lexical entry and a uniquely determined ontology entity it refers to. A link between a lexical entry and an ontology entity via a Lexical Sense object implies that the lexical entry can be used to refer to the ontology entity in question. https://www.w3.org/2016/05/ontolex/#lexical-sense-reference
Lexical Concept: sometimes we would like to express the fact that a certain lexical entry evokes a certain mental concept rather than that it refers to a class with a formal interpretation in some model. Thus, in lemon we introduce the class Lexical Concept that represents a mental abstraction, concept or unit of thought that can be lexicalized by a given collection of senses. A lexical concept is thus a subclass of skos:Concept. https://www.w3.org/2016/05/ontolex/#lexical-concept
ACHTUNG: In den Beispielen zu OntoLex werden leider nicht HashURIs (geht auch, ist aber nicht sauber), sondern SlashURIS (das wäre sauberer) verwendet:
:lex_cat a ontolex:LexicalEntry; ontolex:canonicalForm :form_cat; ontolex:denotes <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Cat>.
Preferred Reference of prefLabel Alternative Reference of altLabel Hidden Reference of hiddenLabel
lemon also allows for SKOS’s semantic properties broader, narrower and related to be mapped in a one-to-one manner to lemon’s broader, narrower and senseRelation.
Lemon und Babel-Net#
Backlink: Guidelines for Linguistic Linked Data Generation: Multilingual Dictionaries (BabelNet). Final Community Group Report 29 September 2015. https://www.w3.org/2015/09/bpmlod-reports/multilingual-dictionaries/#linked-data-generation-process